High unemployment — 29% in the second quarter of 2019, according to Statistics SA — is a major reason SA is one of the most unequal countries in the world. Besides being a human tragedy in itself, inequality also has a strong correlation with violent crime. Studies show that about a third of any country’s homicide rate can be attributed to high economic inequality.

Arguably, the same trend is playing out in organisations in the public and private sectors: intra-organisational “inequality” (the difference in income, status and benefits between executives and general staff) is a likely contributing cause of intra-organisational “crime” (unethical conduct and counterproductive work behaviour)...

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