While it is well established that one of the purposes of broad-based black economic empowerment (BBBEE) is to address historical imbalances or patterns of past discrimination in SA, the fact that it is based on a flawed race-based categorisation from the apartheid era means there will always be challenges in applying it. This is all too evident in determining who is "coloured" for the purposes of BBBEE, where there is still confusion among rating agents and practitioners. This confusion leads to discriminatory practices that unfairly prejudice South Africans of colour. The process of determining who is coloured will presumably become more challenging as SA becomes further ethnically integrated (with more children born of mixed parentage) and more globalised. For example, there is reportedly a view among some BBBEE rating agents and practitioners that a South African citizen born after 1994 who has an African or coloured father and white mother should be classified for BBBEE purposes...

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