Many people think that Cape Town, where I live and work, does not feel like an African city. This is because there are two Cape Towns — one framed by Table Mountain straddling the peninsula, sandy beaches, fashionable design quarters, the waterfront, Long Street bars and restaurants, and luxury seaside and mountain-hugging suburbs. The other Cape Town stretches away from the shadow of the mountain into the sprawling sandy plains of the Cape Flats, which are dominated by informal settlements and high-density populations. The unAfrican feel of tourist and suburban Cape Town is largely a legacy of apartheid design and planning, which was very successful in achieving its goals of dividing citizens along racial lines and excluding black communities from access to the resources concentrated near the mountain and harbour. This apartheid legacy is reflected in the continued spatial separation of communities and disparate levels of access to services and opportunities. Its consequences are s...

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