SCIENCE underpins the African Union’s (AU’s) vision for what the continent will look like in 2063. With the hand hoe banished by 2025, "Africa’s agriculture will be modern and productive using science, technology, innovation and indigenous knowledge", according to the AU Commission’s Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want.The knowledge economy — underpinned by science, technology and innovation and populated by well-educated and highly skilled citizens — will be the norm, the AU’s document says.The sustainable development goals, which replace the Millennium Development Goals, are a cornerstone of this possible future. These 17 goals, which include "no poverty" and "zero hunger", have an ambitious 2030 target.In addressing SA’s annual Science Forum last year, AU chairwoman Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma said: "In terms of ‘African development’, do we want to go back to the industrial revolution, or use science to leapfrog? We don’t want to be the recipients of technology. We want to manufacture, so...

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