Economic terms such as scarcity, means of production, profits and business plans are essential in the vocabularies of business school students. But preschool and primary school students at the Chartwell Leadership Primary School understand and practise these terms. During an additional hour of tuition a day, staff and students dabble daily in the ABCs of entrepreneurship and business. Midway through an entrepreneurship lesson, a Grade 4 student explains that SA has to focus on developing the four means of production — land, capital, labour and entrepreneurship — to solve its economic problems. "Using the four means of production will help all South Africans to produce and sell products and help them to support their families," the student says poignantly. Slap-bang between the colliding worlds of affluence and poverty that characterise the northern Johannesburg suburbs — with opulent Fourways to the east of the school and Diepsloot’s shanties to the west — the school, nestled in a f...

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