Heritage dispute engulfs Cape Town site to house Amazon’s new African HQ
Opponents vow to continue their fight against the multibillion-rand development approved by mayor Dan Plato
For the Khoi and San — SA's first inhabitants — a verdant patch of land in Cape Town embodies victory and tragedy.
The two communities drove back cattle-raiding Portuguese soldiers there in 1510. And, 150 years later, it was where Dutch settlers launched a campaign of land dispossession.
Today it is again the scene of conflict, this time over a development where construction is due to begin this month, and which will eventually be home to a new 70,000m² Africa headquarters for US retail giant Amazon.
“This is where land was first stolen,” said Tauriq Jenkins, of the Goringhaicona Khoena Council, a Khoi traditional group opposed to the project. “We want a World Heritage Site. We do not want 150,000 tonnes of concrete.”
The 15ha riverside area was home to a golf driving range and popular bar — a small blue plaque the only indication of its historical significance.
It is now earmarked for a R4bn mixed-use development, comprising hotel, retail offices and residential units.
Amazon, which already employs thousands of people in Cape Town in a global call centre and data hubs, is lined up as its anchor tenant, with no other big names yet disclosed by city officials or developers.
While some groups have welcomed the prospect of new jobs, the whole project — not Amazon’s specific plans — has faced a backlash from other community leaders, environmentalists and activists. They have held marches at the site and are now threatening to take the matter to court.
According to the Observatory Civic Association, which represents a nearby residential community, almost 50,000 objections to the development have been lodged so far with city and provincial authorities.
They want the development stopped and the area declared a provincial or national heritage site; environmentalists say it is important to preserve because it is an ecologically sensitive area at the confluence of two rivers.
Amazon in SA and the US declined to comment on the dispute and referred queries to the developer, Zenprop. It in turn directed the queries to Liesbeek Leisure Properties Trust (LLTP), the structure set up to develop the project.
“There is no groundswell of unhappiness,” said LLTP’s Jody Aufrichtig, who added that the development went through an extensive public approval procedure.
“The handful of vocal objectors who remain, who were given fair opportunity to participate, simply do not like the outcome.”
Balancing jobs and heritage
Land, its history and its ownership remain fraught issues in SA South Africa harking back to forced removals and segregation during apartheid.
Such sensitivities were taken account when considering the project, Cape Town mayor Dan Plato said in a statement. “We are acutely aware of the need to balance investment and job creation, along with heritage and planning considerations,” he said Tthe development would be a much-needed boost for the city’s tourism-dependent, pandemic-crippled economy, he added.
The project will create thousands of jobs, LLTP said, and will also pay tribute to Khoi and San culture and history.
Designs include an indigenous garden and a heritage centre where LLTP’s Aufrichtig said Khoi and San descendants will work as operators and educators.
These efforts have succeeded in winning over some Khoi and San, including the First Nations Collective, a group that held talks with the developers.
“We chose cultural agency rather than the evil of government deadlock to achieve the objective of creating a liberated zone for our people,” said Zenzile Khoisan, a spokesperson for the group.
Plato approved the project in April after a two-year provisional heritage protection order instated to allow time to examine opposition to the project lapsed last year. Aufrichtig said development is now due to begin in mid-June.
Martinus Fredericks, the paramount chief of the !Aman (Nama) Traditional Council, said they are not ready to give up. They still hope to force a review or block of the planning permission via the courts.
“We will approach the courts,” he said. “We will mobilise every single Khoi and San person in the country to stop that development.”
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