SA’s population swells to over 58-million, as Stats SA warns about prospects for youth
‘The majority of SA’s youth often falls within one of three categories: uneducated, unemployed, and unemployable’, Statistics SA says
There are about 58.78-million people living in SA today.
That is what Statistics SA said on Monday in its 2019 midyear population estimates.
Here are some key findings from the report:
• Just over half of SA's population are women at 51.2% or about 30-million
• About a quarter of South Africans (25.8%) live in Gauteng (about 15.2-million people) followed by KwaZulu-Natal at 19.2% or about 11.3-million
• The Northern Cape is the least populous provinces with 2.2% or about 1.26-million South Africans living there
• More than one in four South Africans (28.8%) are 15 years old or younger
• Most of these young people live in Gauteng (21.5%) and KwaZulu-Natal (21.1%); and
• Almost one in 10 South Africans (9%) are aged 60 or older. Most of the elderly live in Gauteng (23.9%).
Stats SA estimates most migrants entering SA between 2016 and 2021 will settle in Gauteng and the Western Cape‚ with an influx of about 1.64-million and 493‚621 migrants respectively. Life expectancy at birth for 2019 is about 61.5 years for males and 67.7 years for females.
The infant mortality rate for 2019 is about 22.1 for every 1‚000 live births and more than one in 10 South Africans (13.5%) have HIV. The total number of people living with HIV is about 7.97-million.
Stats SA said on its website on Monday: “Using the demographic window of opportunity‚ the youth bulge in SA could be harnessed to unleash a potential demographic dividend. However‚ the majority of SA’s youth often falls within one of three categories: uneducated, unemployed, and unemployable.”
It added: “Using a money-metric approach‚ a fifth of SA’s youth [18–34 years old] fell below the lower bound poverty line of R664 per person per month.”
Statistics SA said in the report: “Life expectancy at birth declined between 2002 and 2006‚ largely due to the impact of the HIV/Aids epidemic experienced‚ but the expansion of health programmes to prevent mother-to-child transmission as well as access to antiretroviral treatment has partly led to the increase in life expectancy since 2007.”
It added: “More than a fifth of SA women in their reproductive ages [15–49 years] are HIV positive. HIV prevalence among the youth aged 15–24 has remained fairly stable over time. The total number of people living with HIV in SA increased from an estimated 4.64-million in 2002 to 7.97-million by 2019.”