School infrastructure is still largely inadequate
Survey shows substandard infrastructure and lack of basic services continue to be barriers to quality education
The government is still struggling to provide adequate school infrastructure, a situation that affects the quality of education imparted to pupils, a survey by the department of basic education has found.
Substandard infrastructure and lack of basic services are seen as barriers to quality education. The Eastern Cape has long been identified as one of the worst-performing provinces in education and this has partly been blamed on poor infrastructure and a shortage of qualified teachers.
Education lobby group Equal Education has long campaigned for minimum standards to be introduced in school infrastructure. In 2018, a court ruled in the lobby group’s favour and ordered basic education minister Angie Motshekga to fix the loopholes in the legislation regarding the minimum standards for school infrastructure.
The findings of the 2017 school monitoring survey published on Monday show that nationally 59% of schools complied with minimum physical infrastructure standards. It also found that certain important facilities “were not universally available”.
Only 76% of schools had running water and 80% had adequately functioning sanitation.
The department’s survey, which sought to measure the progress of ordinary public schools’ towards achieving the key goals and indicators set out in key national strategic objectives in the basic education sector, considered among others, the percentage of schools with adequate classroom infrastructure.
“This aspect of school infrastructure will become part of the official norms and standards in 2020,” the survey report states.
Ideally each classroom should have 40 pupils per class. Nationally, 67% of schools had sufficient classrooms.
“It has to be noted that reporting based on the national education infrastructure management system (NEIMS) produces figures much higher in relation to learners with access to running water. The reason for the difference is that the 2017 [survey] followed stringent observation criteria on the day of the visit, including the functionality of services, while the NEIMS data is based on official delivery history and records about the installation of infrastructure,” the report states.
Teacher absenteeism has also been flagged as a major area of concern in the basic education sector, according to the survey.
The national average for teacher absence on an average day was 10%, with wide variations noted within primary and secondary schools, as well as across provinces.
Teacher absence in the Northern Cape (13%), the North West and the Eastern Cape (both at 12%) was higher than the national average of 9% for primary school teachers.
Teacher absence in Limpopo (6%) and Free State (7%) were lowest. Comparing the recent findings with a survey conducted in 2011 shows an increase in the national aggregate absence (from 8% to 10%) on an average day.
At a media briefing on Monday, Motshekga said teacher absenteeism was “deeply worrying”.
“We have to do more to support teachers. There is need to [go] deeper into the statistics to understand this leave of absence phenomenon,” she said.
The report states that having a qualified teacher in class on a regular basis is an important factor that not only impacts on learning and teaching, but also on the efficient functioning of schools.
A total of 78% of schools had allocated teaching posts filled in 2017.
The department says the information provided by the survey will enable it to fulfil its mandate of monitoring and evaluating education provision across provinces and provide a more informed path towards realising a vision for schooling in 2030.