Mosebenzi Zwane. Picture: FREDDY MAVUNDA
Mosebenzi Zwane. Picture: FREDDY MAVUNDA

The former director-general of the department of mineral resources says he unwittingly played a role in the takeover of Eskom coal supplier Optimum colliery by the Gupta family, outmuscling Glencore.

Thibedi Ramontja, who had served the department for 19 years, told the commission of inquiry into state capture on Thursday that he had been sidelined by then minister Mosebenzi Zwane and his three advisers, who created a "misty environment" in which he was excluded from key decisions.

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