Crime stats: here are last year’s numbers, to see how the latest figures stack up
Have serious crimes improved or grown worse? Which province has the highest murder rate? Ahead of the release of 2017-18 data, here’s a recap of how SA did in 2016-17
South Africans are about to be given stark statistical information on which crimes are on the increase‚ which are on the decrease‚ and which areas are hit worst by various crimes.
Ahead of the release of the annual crime statistics‚ here is a selection from Africa Check’s factsheet of last year’s facts and figures.
The factsheet‚ including with notes‚ definitions and additional resources‚ is available in full here.
The 2016-17 statistics are reproduced below‚ by type of crime.
In 2016-17‚ the police recorded a total of 19‚016 murders‚ up from 18‚673 murders in 2015-16. The murder rate increased marginally from 34 to 34.1 per 100‚000 people. The Eastern Cape had the highest murder rate at 55.9 per 100‚000 people. In 2016-17‚ an average of 52.1 people were murdered every day
A total of 18‚205 attempted murders were reported to the police in 2016-17‚ up from 18‚127 the previous year. The attempted murder rate decreased from 33 to 32.6 per 100‚000 people
The police recorded a total of 39‚828 rapes in 2016-17‚ down from 41‚503 in 2015-16. An average of 109.1 rapes were recorded each day. The rape rate decreased from 75.5 to 71.3 per 100‚000 people. The Eastern Cape had the highest rape rate at 105.3 per 100‚000 people.
The police recorded a total of 6‚271 sexual assaults‚ up marginally from 6‚212 in 2015-16.
In 2016-17‚ 156‚450 common assaults were recorded. On average‚ 428.6 people were victims of common assault every day. The assault rate decreased from 301.1 per 100‚000 people to 280.2 in 2016-17.
Assault with intent to inflict grievous bodily harm
In 2016-17‚ 170‚616 assaults with the intent to inflict grievous bodily harm were recorded. This means on average 467.4 assaults with the intent to inflict grievous bodily harm were recorded every day. The rate of these type of assaults decreased from 332.8 per 100‚000 people in 2015-16 to 305.5 in 2016-17.
In 2016-17‚ 53‚418 common robberies were recorded‚ down from 54‚110 the year before. The robbery rate decreased from 98.4 per 100‚000 people in 2015-16 to 95.7 in 2016-17. On average‚ 146.4 common robberies were recorded each day.
Robbery with aggravating circumstances
In 2016-17‚ 140‚956 robberies with aggravating circumstances were recorded. This is a 6.4% increase from 2015-16. The robbery with aggravating circumstances rate increased from 241.1 in 2015-16 to 252.4 in 2016-17. On average‚ 386.2 robberies with aggravating circumstances were recorded each day.
In 2016-17‚ there were 22‚343 incidents of house robbery recorded. On average‚ 61.2households were robbed each day. The house robbery rate increased from 37.9 per 100‚000 people in 2015-16 to 40 in 2016-17.
Hijacking of cars
In 2016-17‚ the police recorded 16‚717 carjacking incidents in South Africa. This was the highest number recorded in the past 10 years. The hijacking of cars increased 14.5% from the 2015-16 figure of 14‚602. On average‚ 45.8 cars a day were hijacked in 2016-17. Over half of the crimes occurred in Gauteng.
In 2016-17‚ 246‚654 house burglaries were recorded — an average of 675.8 houses every day. The house burglary rate decreased from 455.9 in 2015-16 to 441.7 in 2016-17.
Theft of car or motorcycle
In 2016-17‚ 53‚307 cars or motorcycles were stolen — an average of 146 each day. This is down from 53‚809 in 2015-16.
In 2016-17‚ the police recorded 292‚689 – an average of 801.9 offences each day. This means that 524.1 crimes were recorded for every 100‚000 people in the country‚ up from 471.5 in 2015-16.
See here for the 2015-16 Africa Check factsheet.