Picture: 123RF
Picture: 123RF

A synthetic substance that dissolves in water to mimic the smell of dead sharks is being tested off the Cape coast. It is designed to protect bathers from the apex predators.

Cape Town resident Collin Brooker and his son Simon have teamed up with scientist Jane Fallows to produce a new type of shark repellent‚ dubbed the Podi.

The device‚ described as a tablet that can be fastened around the ankle of a bather or surfer‚ is seen as an alternative to harming the creatures in order to protect bathers.

"It is well-known that sharks move away from the smell of a dead shark‚ particularly a decaying shark. Current technology works on the biochemistry where a dead shark is boiled down‚ turned into a gel and used to repel sharks‚" said Brooker.

"We have identified the particular structures [of that smell] and we have synthetically reproduced all the compounds that make up the smell of a dead shark. We don’t have to kill a shark to repel a shark. All the different chemical make-ups are completely natural. Therefore there is no toxicity into the ocean. It is completely natural‚ biodegradable and ecofriendly‚" Brooker said.

He said current shark repellents were based a bather needing to be in close proximity to a shark. Brooker said by that time it may be too late to save a bather’s life.

"You can have a shotgun on you and you still wouldn’t be able to stop [a tiger shark]‚ because it is going at high speed and its mouth is already open. A biochemical product that is currently available has to be activated by the [swimmer]. We have taken a different approach: we want to make the shark think to not go to an area that it is travelling towards‚" said Brooker.

Brooker said a shark could smell up to 3km and this device would deter a shark from more than 1km away.

"Before it even sees the person we want to prevent it from coming to the person. By testing it in the ocean next week we want to make sure that it is as effective as the real smell of a decaying shark. The indication that we have now is that it should be no different to the real thing‚" he added.

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