Wall Street closes higher after volatile trading as recovery hopes offset pandemic fears
Recovery hopes do battle with revived trade war fears and bleak US economic data
New York — Wall Street surged on Thursday as investors weighed the prospect of economic recovery against bellicose remarks from President Donald Trump regarding US-China trade and a whistle-blower's dire warnings about the US response to the coronavirus pandemic.
While the Dow, S&P 500 and Nasdaq ended the session solidly higher, they see-sawed for much of the day, with reopening state economies and the possibility of additional stimulus doing battle with revived trade war fears and bleak economic data.
“This market is a battle over time frames,” said Tim Ghriskey, chief investment strategist at Inverness Counsel in New York. “Those pushing the market up believe we're going to get a vaccine in a reasonable amount of time, the economy isn't totally going to fall apart, that unemployment is not going to spike appreciably higher.
“On days when (the market is) pushed down, the naysayers come to the forefront, when it bounces back up the more optimistic investors see an opportunity,” Ghriskey said.
The Wisconsin Supreme Court struck down the governor's lockdown orders, fuelling hopes that mandated restrictions could be lifted sooner rather than later.
But an ousted health official testified before a US House of Representatives panel that the US could face “the darkest winter” if its response to the pandemic failed to improve.
Comments by Trump late Wednesday blamed China for the coronavirus outbreak and revived trade war fears, even as mandated lockdowns continue to damage the economy.
That damage was in evidence in a report from the US labour department, which showed just under 3-million new jobless claims last week, pushing the seven-week tally above 36-million.
A White House spokesperson said Trump is open to another possible stimulus bill, but will not sign the bill put forward by House of Representatives Democrats.
“One of the major parts of the House bill is support for state and local governments and that's critical for state institutions that are really hurt by this pandemic,” Ghriskey said.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 377.37 points, or 1.62%, to 23,625.34, the S&P 500 gained 32.5 points, or 1.15%, to 2,852.5 and the Nasdaq Composite added 80.55 points, or 0.91%, to 8,943.72.
Of the 11 major sectors in the S&P 500, all but consumer staples closed higher, with financials and energy companies enjoying the biggest percentage gains.
First-quarter earnings season is on the final stretch, with 451 of the companies in the S&P 500 having reported. Of those, 66.7% have beaten consensus, according to Refinitiv data.
In aggregate, earnings for the first three months of the year are seen falling by 12.1% from the year-ago quarter, a stark reversal from the 6.3% annual growth seen on January 1.
Cisco Systems closed up 4.5% after its earnings beat, driven by a jump in demand for its work-from-home networking equipment.
The S&P 500 posted four new 52-week highs and 16 new lows; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 23 new highs and 117 new lows.