A foreign currency dealer at Hana Bank in Seoul, South Korea, on Friday, February 28 2020. Picture: BLOOMBERG/SEONG-JOON CHO
A foreign currency dealer at Hana Bank in Seoul, South Korea, on Friday, February 28 2020. Picture: BLOOMBERG/SEONG-JOON CHO

London — Coronavirus panic sent world share markets crashing again on Friday, compounding their worst week since the 2008 global financial crisis and bringing the wipe-out in value terms to $5-trillion.

The rout showed no signs of slowing as Europe’s main markets slumped 2%-3% early on and the ongoing dive for safety sent yields on US government bonds, seen as probably the securest asset in the world, to fresh record lows.

Hopes that the epidemic that started in China would be over in months, and that economic activity would quickly return to normal have been shattered this week as the number of international cases have spiraled.

Bets are now that the US Federal Reserve will cut interest rates as soon as next month and other major central banks will follow to try to nurse economies through the troubles and stave off a global recession.

“Investors are trying to price in the worst-case scenario and the biggest risk is what happens now in the US and other major countries outside Asia,” said SEI Investments head of Asian equities John Lau. “These are highly uncertain times, no-one really knows the answer and the markets are really panicking.”

Disruptions to international travel and supply chains, school closures and cancellations of major events have all blackened the outlook for a world economy that was already struggling with the US-China trade-war fallout

MSCI’s all country world index, which tracks almost 50 countries, was down more than 1% when Europe opened and almost 10% for the week — the worst since October 2008.

Wall Street shares had plunged 4.4% on Thursday alone, its largest fall since August 2011. They have now lost 12% since hitting a record high just nine days ago, driving into correction territory.

The CBOE volatility index, often called the “fear index”, jumped to 39.16, its highest in about two years, well out of the 11-20 range of recent months. The index, which measures expected swings in US shares in the next 30 days, typically shoots up to about 50 when bear market selling hits its heaviest and approached almost 90 during the 2008/2009 financial crisis.

Pandemic warning

In Asia, MSCI’s regional index excluding Japan shed 2.7%. Japan’s Nikkei slumped 4.3% on rising fears the Olympics planned in July-August may be called off due to the coronavirus.

“The coronavirus now looks like a pandemic. Markets can cope even if there is big risk as long as we can see the end of the tunnel,” said Norihiro Fujito, chief investment strategist at Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Securities. “But at the moment, no-one can tell how long this will last and how severe it will get.”

World Health Organisation (WHO) director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the virus could become a pandemic as the outbreak spreads to major developed economies such as Germany and France. About 10 countries have reported their first virus cases over the past 24 hours, including Nigeria, the biggest economy in Africa.

The global rout knocked mainland Chinese shares, which have been relatively well supported this month, as new coronavirus cases in the country fell and Beijing doled out measures to shore up economic growth.

The CSI 300 index of Shanghai and Shenzhen shares dropped 2.9%, on track for its first weekly loss in three.

Oil prices languished at their lowest in more than a year having plunged 12% this week — their worst since 2016 — while all the major industrial metals have dropped between 3% and 6%.

US yields plunging with the benchmark 10-year notes yield hitting a record low of 1.241%. It last stood at 1.247%. This is well below the three-month bill yield of 1.436%, deepening the inversion of the yield curve. Historically an inverted yield curve is one of the most reliable leading indicators of a US recession.

Expectations the US Fed will cut interest rates to cushion the blow are rising in money markets. Analysts say Fed funds futures are now pricing in about a 75% chance of a 25 basis point cut at the central bank’s March 17-18 meeting.


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