Paris — The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has cut forecasts again for the global economy in 2019 and 2020, following on from previous downgrades in November, as it warns that trade disputes and uncertainty over Brexit will hit world commerce and businesses.

The organisation forecasts in its interim outlook report that the world economy will grow 3.3% in 2019 and 3.4% in 2020.

These forecasts represent cuts of 0.2 percentage points for 2019 and 0.1 percentage points for 2020, compared to the OECD’s last set of forecasts in November.

“High policy uncertainty, ongoing trade tensions, and further erosion of business and consumer confidence are all contributing to the slowdown,” said the OECD in its report. “Substantial policy uncertainty remains in Europe, including over Brexit. A disorderly exit will raise the costs for European economies substantially.” 

Europe remains impacted by uncertainty over Britain’s plans to exit the EU, the US-China trade spat and other weak spots, such as signs of a recession in Italy.

For Germany, Europe’s largest economy, the OECD more than halved its 2019 GDP growth forecast to 0.7% from 1.6% previously. It predicted a light recovery to 1.1% growth in 2020. Germany’s export-reliant economy is particularly affected by weaker global demand and rising trade barriers.

Meanwhile, data earlier this month showed that US personal income had fallen for the first time in more than three years in January, while consumer spending dropped by the most since 2009 in December, putting the world’s biggest economy on a relatively weak growth trajectory early in the first quarter.

China, the world’s second-biggest economy, has also faced signs of stuttering growth. China is seeking to shore up its slowing economy through billions of dollars in planned tax cuts and infrastructure spending, with growth at its weakest in almost 30 years due to softer domestic demand and a trade war with the US.