Oil surfs the wave of optimism around US-China trade talks
Singapore — Oil prices rose on Monday as supply tightened amid output cuts by producer club Opec and as the US and China were reported to be close to signing a trade deal that would end a tariff row that has slowed global economic growth.
International Brent futures were at $65.39 a barrel at 4.16am GMT, up 32c, or 0.5%, from their last close.
US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $56.08 a barrel, up 28c, or 0.5%.
The rally came on reports that the US and China are close to ending their trade disputes, which have weighed on global economic growth.
US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping could reach a formal trade deal at a summit around March 27 given progress in talks between the two countries, the Wall Street Journal reported on Sunday.
The news added support to a market that has been rallying for the past two months on cuts to production.
Supply from Opec fell to a four-year low in February, a Reuters survey found, as top exporter Saudi Arabia and its allies over-delivered on the group’s supply pact while Venezuelan output registered a further involuntary decline.
“Opec exports are off by over 1.5-million barrels a day since November,” Barclays bank said in a note released on Sunday.
“The supply picture looks generally tighter this year,” said energy analysts at Fitch Solutions in a note on Monday, adding they expected Brent to average $73 a barrel in 2019.
Oil prices have been further pushed up by US sanctions against Opec-members Iran and Venezuela, which Barclays bank estimates to have resulted in a reduction of about 2-million barrels a day in global crude supply.
In the US, there are signs that the oil production boom of the past years, which has seen crude output rise by more than 2-million barrels a day since early 2018 to more than 12-million barrels a day, may slow down.
US energy firms last week cut the number of oil rigs looking for new reserves to the lowest in almost nine months as some producers follow through on plans to cut spending despite a more than 20% increase in crude futures so far in 2019.
Despite this, Barclays said “we believe that there could be a repeat performance in the second-half of this year” for US oil output.