Oil prices up nearly as stimulus hopes ease growth concerns
Opec is cutting production to rein in over-supply, but rising US shale oil output undermines its efforts
London — Oil prices rose almost 1% on Wednesday on the hope that Japan and China will take fiscal stimulus measures to stem an economic slowdown that has weighed on financial markets.
International Brent crude oil futures were at $62.10 a barrel at 10.40am GMT, up 60c or 0.98%, from their last close. US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $53.48 a barrel, up 47c, or 0.89%.
Oil prices fell by 2% on Tuesday as financial markets reeled on concern about a global economic slowdown, and the heavy losses spooked investors into safe-haven assets, such as government bonds or gold.
A litany of poor economic data worldwide — including tumbling US home sales, slumping Canadian factory sales and wholesale trade, along with Japanese import and export data that fell short of expectations — sapped market confidence.
A widespread economic slowdown is expected to dent growth in demand for fuel, weighing on energy prices.
However, some optimism emerged as China and Japan said they would use fiscal spending to boost growth. Chinese finance ministry officials said on Wednesday that the government would step up fiscal spending this year to support its economy, which registered its lowest growth rate since 1990 last year.
The Bank of Japan (BOJ) said it would keep its ultra-easy monetary settings, which have been running since 2013.
Steen Jakobsen, chief economist at Denmark’s Saxo Bank, said “the global economy is suffering”, but added that China’s government would “do all it can for stability”.
Should a US-China trade deal to resolve the two superpowers’ trade tensions be reached promptly, Jakobsen said, “we will see powerful support for the Chinese economy”.
Providing oil prices with support in 2019 have been production cuts led by oil cartel Opec, aimed at reining in an emerging supply overhang. Whether Opec’s efforts will be successful will also depend on the development of oil production in the US, where crude output jumped by 2-million bpd in 2018 to an unprecedented 11.9-million bpd.
While the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) said on Tuesday that it expected shale output to rise further, it said that production growth would slow in the coming years.