The Suzuki Ignis falls within the "Moderate Safety" range of the ELVS report. Picture: SUPPLIED
The Suzuki Ignis falls within the "Moderate Safety" range of the ELVS report. Picture: SUPPLIED

The 2019 Automobile Association (AA) entry-level vehicle safety report that assesses safety features on entry-level vehicles shows there have been improvements to the safety of entry-level vehicles, but that more can and must be done in this market. 

The report considered the safety features of 27 vehicles available in SA priced under R180,000. This is the third instalment of this report.

The entry-level vehicle safety report must be seen against the backdrop of SA’s official road fatality statistics.

According to figures from the Road Traffic Management Corporation (RTMC) 12,921 people died on SA roads in 2018. Though this represents an 8% decrease on the 2017 figure of 14,050, the number remains high, and must be seen in the context of an average road death rate of over 13,000 a year in SA.

The purpose of the AA research is to highlight the importance of safety features in new cars, understand how these features can save lives, and encourage new-car buyers to consider safety in their decisions, and not only price.

“Price is, unfortunately, a driving factor in people’s decisions to buy vehicles. What we would like to see more of is people considering other elements of the vehicles they intend buying such as safety features, which can mean the difference between life and death,” the AA says.

The association notes this is especially important as many of the people who are buying or driving entry-level vehicles are often those with the least driving experience and, as such, this makes safety features even more critical.

The 27 vehicles surveyed for this instalment of the report were evaluated against the number of active safety features they have (anti-lock braking systems, electronic stability control), and passive safety features (airbags).

Vehicles which have been crash tested as part of the Global NCAP (New Car Assessment Programme) initiative #SaferCarsforAfrica, are awarded points according to the safety rating they achieved. Of the 27 vehicles assessed for the 2019 entry-level vehicle safety report, five have local safety ratings, and were awarded points accordingly.

The report is the result of desktop research, and specifically assesses safety features only. It does not consider the structural integrity of the driver/passenger compartment.

The 27 vehicles are then categorised into three groups based on their safety ratings according to the AA survey. These cars are noted for having either acceptable, moderate, or poor safety.

Of the 27 vehicles assessed, seven vehicles are categorised in the acceptable safety range, a marked improvement on the previous report which only had two vehicles in this category. Sixteen of the vehicles are ranked in the moderate safety class, while four vehicles are classed as having poor safety.

“These results indicate a definite move to more safety features in vehicles, but also point to a dire need for these features to be standard instead of optional, particularly on entry-level vehicles. There is no doubt that safety features such as ESC and ABS save lives, and the motoring public should be given these tools as matter of course in the vehicles they purchase, not as ‘nice-to-haves’,” notes the association.

The AA says these technologies should be standard on all new vehicles as their benefits for crash prevention and reduction of road injuries and fatalities are well-documented.

In addition to scoring the vehicles purely on safety features, the AA report also considers safety weighed against affordability. In this scenario, the score achieved by a vehicle for its safety features is measured against its cost to arrive at a safety/affordability score.

AA graph shows which cars fared poor, moderate and acceptable in terms of safety features weighed against affordability. Picture: SUPPLIED
AA graph shows which cars fared poor, moderate and acceptable in terms of safety features weighed against affordability. Picture: SUPPLIED

Considering this scale, four vehicles in the 2019 survey achieve an acceptable safety/affordability score, while 19 fall into the moderate category. The AA says these results are encouraging, despite the fact that four vehicles still remain in the poor category on this index.

“Safety features on vehicles are critical elements which can provide much-needed protection in the event of a crash,” the AA says.

“What we’d like to see is that all car manufacturers include more safety features in their vehicles, and to display at the point of sale international safety ratings such as those from NCAP from the region of manufacture or importation.

“In this way, we believe, customers will be better placed to know what they are getting in terms of safety,” the AA says.

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