Edinburgh audience loves the real ‘voice’ of author Paul Auster
Paul Auster takes the stage at the King’s Theatre in Edinburgh to a great reception. He reads the opening pages of his latest work 4321, which is long-listed for the Man Booker Prize. It is a rare chance for his fans to see and hear the novelist up close and personal.
The 70-year-old graciously relates stories from his life as a writer in discussion with fellow American writer Nora Chassler. Early on, he talks about growing up in a bookless household. At the age of nine, Auster got around this by visiting the public library, coming home with works by Robert Louis Stevenson and Edgar Allan Poe.
By his teens, he explains, he knew the writer’s life would be a struggle. His concerned father suggested he become a professor and write poetry as a hobby. Auster attended a PhD interview, but fortunately, a perceptive professor told him not to become an academic as he had talent as a writer.
You sense being a professor of literature would have been a terrible failure for Auster. He seems to associate such jobs with middle-class careerists and compromisers who prioritise comfort and respectability over the risks of genuine art.
There is slight disdain as he (warmly) remembers a brilliant school friend who was expected to achieve wonderful things but ended up as a Harvard professor – and the prototype for one of Auster’s literary characters.
Auster talks about how books touch people, creating empathy by asking us to inhabit other lives. Novels used to ask us to sympathise with gods and kings, he says, but are now mainly about ordinary people.
It’s democracy in action, an egalitarianism that Auster seems to embody both on stage and in his writing. His novels are all about the complexity of human existence and the struggle to understand, to survive, to feel meaning in life.
One of the most important aspects of great fiction is often referred to as voice. This is about speaking directly to the reader in a particular consistent style. The pleasure readers receive from "hearing" this voice is what makes them return to an author again and again.
Auster’s mastery of voice is the main thing that makes his prose so captivating. He does it in a conversational American-English, much like his spoken voice, and from this musical prose, his characters evolve. It feels so effortless – so spoken – but makes sophisticated use of a number of literary techniques.
The clarity of his prose is striking, for instance. He recalls an influential conversation with the poet Edmond Jabès, in which Jabès insisted that syntactical innovations were not as subversive as clarity.
Auster goes on to cite Franz Kafka, another writer known for the clarity of his prose, as being "always with us". In future, readers will probably say the same about Auster.
Another element often considered central to Auster’s work is chance. To give one of many examples, in City of Glass, the main character, Daniel Quinn, is mistaken for Paul Auster, an event that propels Quinn into a world of uncertainty.
During the Edinburgh discussion, Chassler refers to coincidence instead of chance, but Auster rejects both labels. He is simply describing the unexpected, he says, something that happens to everyone. He suggests that those who don’t get this point don’t understand the "mechanics of reality".
He wonders if people who read too many novels – presumably including many in the audience – end up imposing their own limited ideas of narrative onto what they read. They have a sense from fiction that chance occurrences are something remarkable, for example, so they misunderstand Auster’s approach to them.
His latest novel has clear resonances with his own life. The main character, Archie Ferguson, shares the author’s chronology (born 1947) and his geography (New Jersey, New York, Paris and so on).
Like the young Auster, Archie is struck by the power of Dostoyevsky’s Crime and Punishment as a teenager.
Yet Auster stresses that this character does things he himself never did – and indeed, the novel narrates Archie’s four alternate lives. It is a case of using one’s own life as a starting point, something we see repeatedly in Auster novels.
You certainly can’t deny Auster’s dedication to his art, both in the craftsmanship and the sheer volume: 18 novels plus numerous books of poetry, non-fiction and screenplay
He began writing 4321 when he was 66 years old, he explains, the age at which his father suddenly died. The thought that he too could drop dead made him work fast, finishing the 866-page novel in three-and-a-half years rather than the expected five.
This sense of self-reflection and being aware and anxious about artistic creation is another central theme in his work. Hence many of his characters are writers, living in their own bubbles, obsessed by their literary projects.
You certainly can’t deny Auster’s dedication to his art, both in the craftsmanship and the sheer volume: 18 novels plus numerous books of poetry, non-fiction and screenplays.
He says he pushed everything else aside to commit to 4321, reinforcing the sense of him as a serious working writer rather than a literary star.
At the end of the event, a long, long line of fans queue to get books signed. Auster is particularly warm and courteous to them, but those with their own literary ambitions will be leaving with some new thoughts from the evening as a whole.
In short, commitment is everything; middle-class trappings must be put aside; true art is about vocation, isolation and obsession. Expect lots of reading and thinking; and relentless work of the kind that most people would find absurd because it involves, as Auster puts it, sitting in a room putting words on a piece of paper.
Yet it’s a worthwhile struggle, which for Auster has produced writing of the highest quality and beauty. Books such as The New York Trilogy, Mr Vertigo, Timbuktu and 4321 have touched people’s imaginations in the way Dostoyevsky and Kafka touched the young Auster.
Finally, never rule out the unexpected. We ourselves queue and get to ask Auster a question after climbing the stage: "Since you’re in Scotland, are there any Scottish contemporary writers you enjoy?"
He seems startled. "What," he says, so we ask again.
"Ah," he says. "I’m sure there are some great ones, but I can’t think of any." He smiles. "I’m sorry. I live in my own little world, in my own little bubble."
• McMunnigall is tutor in creative writing, University of Glasgow and Ross is tutor in creative writing and literature, University of Glasgow. This article first appeared on The Conversation.