ECONOMIC WEEK AHEAD: Indicators to reflect the weak economy
Local trade figures, activity in the manufacturing sector, credit and vehicle sales updates will be released
Local trade figures, activity in the manufacturing sector, credit and vehicle sales updates this week are expected to reflect SA’s subdued economic activity.
On Tuesday, the SA Revenue Service will release the trade balance figures for March. The balance of trade is an indicator of the difference in value between a country’s imports and exports and dictates SA’s current account, which is indicative of the country’s trade with the rest of the world.
SA recorded a trade surplus of R3.99bn in February, a rebound from the seasonal deficit recorded in January.
Analysts disagree whether there will be a surplus or a deficit in March. However, the figures are notoriously difficult to predict and analysts stress that it is important to look at trends
Investec expects the trade account to have incurred a surplus while FNB expects a small deficit.
“In recent years, a sizeable surplus was typically recorded in March. This year, the size of the surplus was likely to have been tempered by the effect on imports of rising international oil prices,” Investec economist Kamilla Kaplan said.
“Additionally, in the past few months Eskom increased its diesel usage for its open cycle gas turbines to help meet electricity demand,” she said.
FNB chief economist Mamello Matikinca-Ngwenya said a small deficit would come amid higher international oil prices and a weaker rand while slowing Chinese demand affects export volume growth.
Data on Tuesday is forecast to show that private sector credit extension increased in March after a rise of 6% in February.
“Household credit growth remains relatively constrained by a judicious approach to lending by credit providers, weak employment prospects, higher taxes and administered costs,” Kaplan said.
On Thursday, the Absa purchasing managers index (PMI), which gauges activity in the manufacturing sector, will be released. The PMI fell for a third consecutive month to 45 points in March, indicating a contraction in the sector.
Matikinca-Ngwenya expects the index to rebound slightly as the adverse effects from load-shedding had largely dissipated during the month.
However, a meaningful recovery is unlikely on slower global demand growth coupled with relatively soft domestic demand, Kaplan said.
Thursday will also see the release of the new vehicle sales for April, which is expected to have underperformed once again as a function of consumer affordability. Sales have contracted for five consecutive months. The consumer confidence index released last week, which fell to its lowest level since 2017, indicated that consumers did not see the present time as appropriate to buy durable goods such as vehicles.
“Future performance will remain reliant on a meaningful lift in fixed investment rates and a strengthening in business confidence levels,” Kaplan said.