Alphabet costs still rising despite Google dominating ad sales
The company missed estimates for third-quarter profit by about $1.7bn as Google increases spending in areas including cloud computing and consumer electronics
Bengaluru/San Diego — Google parent Alphabet reported quarterly results on Monday that show costs continue to rise faster than revenue as the web search leader looks to broaden its business, dampening Wall Street’s enthusiasm, despite Google’s continued dominance in advertising sales.
The company, the world’s leading internet search, advertising and video services, posted its highest-ever quarterly expenses. It missed analysts’ estimates for third-quarter profit by about $1.7bn, though it beat revenue estimates by about $175m.
Alphabet shares lost 1.6% after-hours, to $1,268.50, nearly erasing the 1.95% gain notched in regular trading when Reuters, citing sources, reported Google had made an offer to acquire US wearable device maker Fitbit.
Google has increased spending in recent years in areas including cloud computing and consumer electronics that it views as essential to maintaining its industry leadership in the face of stiff competition from Amazon and Microsoft.
The new businesses are pushing Google into sales of subscriptions, devices and technology licences, but it has had to invest in people, facilities and content. Google is on track to hire more than 20,000 people this year, in large part to staff its newer units.
Nicholas Hyett, equity analyst at Hargreaves Lansdown, said he was not overly concerned by the spending, writing in a note, “CEO Sundar Pichai can turn off the speculative spending at any time if he suddenly becomes more interested in profitability — but we suspect most investors would rather he stuck to the approach.”
Alphabet, which generates about 85% of its revenue from sales of ad space and ad technology, reported total third-quarter revenue of $40.5bn
Alphabet provides limited product-level financial disclosures compared with some peers, leaving investors increasingly uncertain about how pressures, including regulatory scrutiny, advertiser boycotts and global trade tensions, are affecting operations. For instance, Alphabet reported $1.5bn in unrealised losses in the third quarter from shares held in other companies, helping negate about $1bn in profit. But an Alphabet spokesperson declined to disclose which investments lost money.
Profit also was hurt by a $554m charge from a settlement with French tax authorities in September.
Alphabet’s CFO Ruth Porat told financial analysts that the company’s revenue growth rates underscored “the strength and vibrancy” of the company. “In the past 12 months, we [have been] generating more than $150bn in total revenues, that’s about $25bn of growth in the past year.”
Google has tried to demonstrate that its cloud-computing business is roaring, disclosing about $2bn in revenue last quarter and saying it plans to hire thousands to stoke the unit’s growth.
In hardware, Google’s debut in May of the Pixel 3a, its most affordable smartphone yet, went well, according to technology analysts. It boosted Google’s overall smartphone sales this [northern hemisphere] summer in a typically slow quarter.
Google also has tried to reassure investors that there is no weakness in its YouTube video unit, while expressing confidence in its business overall through share buybacks. But spending has not been held back and higher costs loom as Google deals with clashes with regulators. Total quarterly expenses grew 25% compared to a year ago — a similar rate to recent periods — to $31.3bn. It topped the previous high of $31.1bn in the 2018 fourth quarter.
Alphabet, which generates about 85% of its revenue from sales of ad space and ad technology, reported total third-quarter revenue of $40.5bn in 2019. In line with recent quarters, that was up 20% more than the previous year. Analysts, on average, estimated 19.52% growth and $40.325bn in revenue, according to IBES data from Refinitiv.
Net income for the third quarter rose to $7.1bn, or $10.12 per share, compared with analysts’ estimates of $8.811bn, or $12.44 per share. The operating margin was 23%, down from 24% in the second quarter.
In the third quarter, Google acknowledged investigations by the US Congress, department of justice and 48 states into the company’s competitive practices. It settled a privacy investigation by the US federal trade commission. It also got an additional 90-day reprieve from an export ban that would restrict its relationship with Chinese smartphone maker Huawei, one of its top partners in distributing mobile apps.
Google has said it is co-operating with the probes, while confirming it has survived calls for increased regulation many times.
Haris Anwar, analyst at financial markets platform Investing.com, said the quarterly results cast a cloud. “An earnings miss at a time when the big tech companies are being probed for their business practices adds to the uncertainty and creates a hint of pessimism around the company,” he said in an e-mail to Reuters.
Alphabet shares were up 17% for the 12 months up to Monday, compared with a 33% gain for Microsoft and 29% for Facebook, the internet’s second-largest seller of advertising.
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