MTN — a pawn in Nigeria’s electoral battle
Lagos/Johannesburg — MTN Group has become a battleground issue for Nigerian politicians vying for ascendancy ahead of a national election in February, with $10bn worth of claims made against the cellphone network operator.
The company is reeling from a double blow in Nigeria over the past week that has caused the stock to lose almost a third of its value. First, the central bank ordered MTN to return $8.1bn it allegedly illegally transferred out of the country, then the attorney-general’s office said the company owed $2bn in back taxes.
The moves have come as President Muhammadu Buhari seeks re-election for a second four-year term. He has pledged to tackle corruption — including cracking down on tax dodgers and companies behaving in an unscrupulous manner. Central Bank of Nigeria governor Godwin Emefiele, who oversaw the sanction on fund transfers, has long been close to Buhari.
By contrast, the ruling was criticised by Atiku Abubakar, a former vice-president who is running to be presidential candidate for the main opposition People’s Democratic Party. The way in which the central bank has targeted MTN would only serve to discourage foreign investors, he said in an interview this week.
"Even in a worst-case scenario where there were breaches of financial laws and regulations, there are much better ways to deal with it than by the public exposure that MTN has been subjected to," Abubakar said in Lagos, the commercial capital. "It is bound to send the wrong signal to foreign investors. We should resolve it in a business-like manner, not a punitive manner."
The Nigerian central bank accused MTN of illegally repatriating cash between 2007 and 2015, while the $2bn in back taxes relates to the past decade. The South African company denies all the allegations, and has pledged to "vigorously defend" its position. Just two years ago, it settled a separate dispute in Nigeria by agreeing to pay a $1bn fine for missing a deadline to disconnect customers who were not properly registered in the country. Authorities said that practice was aiding Islamist militant group Boko Haram.
"The Nigerian government and authorities are trying to get their house in order," Dobek Pater, MD of telecoms advisory firm Africa Analysis, said by phone from Rwanda. "From history, MTN does not have a squeaky clean reputation, and there have been some transgressions in the past."
However, Vestact CEO Paul Theron said Nigeria’s move was "pathetic, nationalistic and immature" and will "severely weaken Nigeria’s economy in the years to come". MTN has been among the most committed foreign investors in recent decades, the money manager said.
The shares gained 2.8% to R74 on the JSE at the close on Wednesday, after hitting 12-year lows the previous day. The stock has slumped 31% in the past week.
Abubakar was deputy president when MTN began operating in Nigeria in 2001 and was part of the government’s drive to create a mobile phone network to help address woeful telecommunications in the country. The company was at the forefront of that initiative, and had about 66-million customers in the country at the end of June, according to the Nigerian Communications Commission — the biggest of its 21 markets across Africa and the Middle East.
The only other international wireless carrier operating in Nigeria is India’s Bharti Airtel, with about 40-million subscribers.