Onyx Connect to be first company to make smartphones in Africa
A Johannesburg start-up is set to become the first company to manufacture smartphones in Africa, taking advantage of low costs and growing local demand to build handsets, tablets and other devices based on Google’s Android system.
Onyx Connect, a privately backed company that had raised R150m from investors, would begin production in the first quarter of next year, said sales director Andre van der Merwe.
The company is licensed to load Google software like Android and Chrome onto devices sold under its own brand or products it makes for others.
"We are talking to companies to manufacture handsets, laptops and possibly Android TV boxes," Van der Merwe said in an interview.
Those talks included Google itself and Vodacom.
Vodacom would "welcome the opportunity" to offer high-quality devices made in SA, Jorge Mendes, a Vodacom consumer sales and distribution executive, said in an e-mail, declining to comment on Onyx specifically.
For Google, local production would stoke a sales push in Africa, one of the few regions where it is not the outright browser leader.
The Alphabet unit trails Opera, which accounted for 39% of web traffic in September on the continent, versus 32% for Google Chrome, according to StatCounter Global Stats.
In addition to software, Google makes devices like Chromecast media players and Chromebook Pixel laptops.
"With most Africans accessing the internet for the first time on smartphones, it is important to ensure affordable devices are available so that people can access the benefits," Google said in an e-mail.
While a $600-plus iPhone or Samsung Galaxy S7 was prohibitive to most African consumers, Onyx said it could produce a device in Johannesburg for about $30 that included a camera and 1GB of memory. The company was setting up a distribution centre in Ethiopia within the next 12-18 months, Van der Merwe said. He said the project would create 600 jobs.
A drop of about 40% in the value of the rand against the dollar in the past five years has helped open the door. It has made labour less expensive in SA, while making phones imported from China or elsewhere in Asia more expensive.
Manufacturer subsidies have largely fallen away, limiting the availability of devices in the more-accessible price range of R600 and below, according to Arthur Goldstuck, director of researcher World Wide Worx in Johannesburg.
"The risk with such investments is that the company is entering an industry where your marketing budget will have to be massive and you are competing with companies that have the biggest research and development spending in the world," Goldstuck said.
"It can also be difficult to compete with economies of scale made possible by vast volumes of devices assembled in massive factories in China."
Onyx’s plan involves tapping into China’s strengths. The company sourced circuit-board designs and raw components from China, but is designing the rest of the phones and building them itself from the circuit board up. The plastic cases would be produced locally, and Onyx had its own research and development capability, Van der Merwe said.
Some South African companies, including Sekoko Mobile, Zest Mobile and Mint Mobile, are already assembling smartphones from imported kits.
By going a step further and actually manufacturing the devices, Onyx is saving on import duties.
Along with the savings on shipping and government incentives, "we are able to compete right here", Van der Merwe said.