SA contributed just 14% of its output in the third quarter of 2018. Picture: ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI
SA contributed just 14% of its output in the third quarter of 2018. Picture: ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI

Two decades ago, Anglo American created the world’s No 1 gold miner by merging its South African assets. Having long since been eclipsed by its rivals, AngloGold Ashanti  it may need to leave home to keep up.

Newmont Mining and Barrick Gold have forged megadeals that will extend their lead over AngloGold. Saddled with Mponeng, the world’s deepest mine in a dying South African  industry that’s struggling to contain costs, the third-biggest producer could boost its value by leaving the country,  said Rene Hochreiter, analyst at Noah Capital Markets in Johannesburg.

“Their best bet is to get out of SA and leave Mponeng behind,” he said. “The costs never come down in South African gold.”

That would be the final step in AngloGold’s gradual withdrawal from SA. The country contributed just 14% of its output in the third quarter of 2018, down from 26% a year earlier, after the company sold and shut mines to stem losses.

Now AngloGold is considering hiving off its South African  operations and listing in London or Toronto, people familiar with the matter said in December. Listing in London would give the company exposure to a big pool of investors with very few options to buy into gold equities, following Barrick’s acquisition of Randgold Resources.

An AngloGold spokesperson declined to comment.

To exit  SA, the company would need to offer a steep discount on its assets, said Leon Esterhuizen, an analyst at Nedcor Securities. That still wouldn’t be enough to interest international companies.

“They are not going to invest here,” Esterhuizen said. “Whether it’s AngloGold or anybody else in SA gold, it makes sense to go and find other places to make money.”

That leaves other South African  producers as potential acquirers. The biggest, Sibanye Gold, is preoccupied with its acquisition of platinum miner Lonmin, while Gold Fields is focused on turning around its sole mine in SA , which has been unprofitable for a decade.

AngloGold CEO Kelvin Dushnisky is looking to sell non-core assets to unlock value, but he’s said it’s too early to take a decision on SA. If the company’s scaled-down operations can generate free cash flow, perceptions about the country might change, he has said.

Partly benefiting from the turnaround work of his predecessor, the new CEO has seen AngloGold shares rally 48% since he took over in September. Barrick has climbed 18% and Newmont just 1.8% over the same period.

Further gains may be tempered by the difficult jurisdictions — including Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo — in which the miner operates, said James Bell, an analyst at RBC Capital Markets. Indeed, given the challenges facing AngloGold, the company should be in no rush to exit SA if it can make those operations profitable, he said.

The company may be interested in buying some of the assets being spun off by Barrick and Newmont, but Bell doesn’t think it will be part of a larger wave of industry consolidation.

“AngloGold is not a takeover target,” he said. “It’s a very large complicated business and has exposure to jurisdictions which are quite tough for other companies to be comfortable in.”

Bloomberg