Hong Kong/Beijing — HSBC rose the most since 2009 on Monday, recovering from a 25-year low, as its biggest shareholder raised its stake in a bet the embattled lender will return to paying dividends.

China’s Ping An Insurance Group, which last week bought 10.8-million shares to boost its stake to 8%, remains confident in HSBC’s long-term prospects, a spokesperson said. The recent slump in the share and the valuation only increases HSBC’s appeal, the spokesperson said.

“Ping An believes HSBC’s suspension of dividend payments is a short-term issue and has been actively communicating with the lender about the possibility of restoring dividends in the future,” the spokesperson said.

HSBC shares in Hong Kong on Monday rose 9.2%, the biggest gain since April 2009, clawing back most of last week’s tumble and adding $6.8bn to its market capitalisation. In London, HSBC rose as much as 11.5% — also the most since April 2009.

The bank last week plunged to a 25-year low in part on speculation its massive push into China could be thwarted. The ruling Communist Party’s Global Times newspaper reported that the bank could be put on an “unreliable entity” list that aims to punish firms or individuals that damage national security. HSBC has rankled China over its participation in the US investigation of Huawei Technologies.

At the behest of UK regulators, the bank suspended its dividend payments earlier in 2020, alienating its Hong Kong retail investor base. The lender’s shares have trailed the Hang Seng Index in five out of the past six years once dividends are excluded. HSBC has pledged to review the payout once the impact of the pandemic becomes clearer.

Ivan Li, director of investment research at Convoy Global Holdings, said the surge is an indication that “that investors are less worried about its inclusion on China’s unreliable entity list as they believe China wouldn’t risk doing so before the US elections”.

Shenzhen-based Ping An, which has owned a major stake in HSBC since late 2017, on Monday saw a gain of about HK$27m on its latest purchase. Still, overall it has taken a loss of more than $8bn over the past three years, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. It last increased its holdings in late 2018, when it bought more than 5-million shares at an average price of HK$65.12, according to filings to the Hong Kong exchange.

“Ping An boosting its stake is also a vote of confidence in HSBC’s long-term fundamentals,” Li said. “However, it’s hard to say whether HSBC’s share price has bottomed out since banks globally are still hurt by low interest rates and narrowing margins.”

HSBC was among global banks named in a report by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) on lenders that “kept profiting from powerful and dangerous players” in the past two decades even after the US imposed penalties on the institutions.

Facing difficulties in navigating low interest rates and surging loan losses sparked by the global pandemic, the bank’s profit halved in the first half.

HSBC CEO Noel Quinn in August warned bad loans could swell to $13bn in 2020. Quinn said the bank would attempt to hasten a shakeup of its global operations, accelerating a further pivot into Asia as its European operations lose money.

In response to the ICIJ report last week, the bank said that “starting in 2012, HSBC embarked on a multiyear journey to overhaul its ability to combat financial crime across more than 60 jurisdictions. HSBC is a much safer institution than it was in 2012”.


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