An employee works in the Ceska Zbrojovka small arms factory in Uhersky Brod, Czech Republic, on August 31 2021. Picture: REUTERS/DAVID W CERNY
An employee works in the Ceska Zbrojovka small arms factory in Uhersky Brod, Czech Republic, on August 31 2021. Picture: REUTERS/DAVID W CERNY

Prague — For Czech gun maker CZG-Ceska Zbrojovka Group, its recent acquisition of the Colt brand carries both the potential to become a major player in the global firearms market and the challenge of reviving the fortunes of a fabled US name.

Shares of CZG, which listed on the stock market last October, have surged 60% in Prague this year as investors welcomed solid revenue growth and the company's $222m purchase of privately-held Colt Holding Company - a deal finalised in May that will make CZG a competitor for US leaders such as Smith & Wesson and Sturm, Ruger & Company.

Colt, with plants in the US and Canada, will give CZG the capacity to expand production beyond its main factory in the Czech Republic and allow it to compete for US military contracts because it will fulfil “Buy America” regulations requiring US production.

CZG says it aims to almost double CZG and Colt's pro forma combined revenue of about $570m last year within a few years - putting it on a par with Smith & Wesson's annual net sales of $1.1bn in the last fiscal year.

In 2020, the US accounted for 66% of the Czech gunmaker's annual revenue, mainly sales to individuals and police departments of guns under its CZ (Ceska Zbrojovka), Dan Wesson and Brno Rifles brands.

“Colt is an important step in realising our vision of getting to 1-billion (euros) in revenue by the end of 2025,” CZG's Chairperson Jan Drahota told Reuters in an interview at the company's Prague headquarters.

“We ... will be thinking how to make sure the brand is even bigger than it is now and introduce it to wider (markets).

“It is a privilege, but it is also pressure on us,” he said.

Some of the pressure could come from investors. The revenue target looks ambitious to some analysts and will require investment by CZG, whose roots stretch back to before World War 2.

“It is definitely an ambitious goal,” said Pavel Ryska, analyst at J&T Banka in Prague. “In my view, it could be met on two conditions. First, the US civilian demand remains robust and keeps rising, and second, CZG adds further production capacity either through its own capex or through additional acquisitions that are well executed.”

Founded by Samuel Colt, the US company produced one of the first revolvers and its single-action revolver known as “The Peacemaker” was synonymous with lawmen and outlaws in the Wild West in the 19th century. By 2015, however, the company was filing for bankruptcy protection following a series of missteps and the loss of a key contract with the US Army.

Those issues allowed rivals to steal a march on Colt, though it emerged from bankruptcy in 2016 and revenue rose by a quarter last year.


CZG, which used IPO proceeds and issued bonds to help finance the Colt deal, will outline investment plans later this year. They will include possibly introducing new products and investing in upgrades at Colt's main factory in West Hartford, Connecticut, Drahota said.

Upgrades will also mean “essentially an enlargement of capacity because of underinvestment in the past,” he said.

CZG is also considering whether to produce some CZG products in the US, he said, adding there is little overlap with Colt products.

“We have to consider from a group level what ... the production split will be at each location,” he said. “One plus one is more than two. We believe we can leverage on each other's success.”

About half of Colt's revenues in 2020 came from the massive US military and law enforcement (M&LE) segment and Drahota said he saw “huge room” to grow the brand in global civilian and M&LE markets.

Analysts at Czech-based Fio Banka estimate the military and law enforcement portion of CZG's North American sales will climb to 50% from 10% with the Colt acquisition, boosting the company's revenue as M&LE firearms fall into higher price categories.

Global demand for small firearms is expected to rise from about 1.09-billion units in 2019 to 1.26-billion units in 2023, CZG said in its annual report, citing the BIS Small Arms Market Report, with the civilian market now accounting for 62% of sales and military and law enforcement 38%.

The market's good growth prospects have helped drive shares of Smith & Wesson and Sturm, Ruger & Co. up 21% and 16% respectively this year.

CZG, whose operating profit rose 12% last year, has until now mainly competed with European groups such as FN Herstal of Belgium, Beretta of Italy and Glock Gesellschaft of Austria and struck deals last year with the Czech Army and law enforcement bodies in Brazil and Kenya, as well as contracts to help rearm Hungary's army.

Buying Colt will also give it exposure to the UK and Canadian militaries, among others, and Drahota said the market will continue to shift to more advanced weapons as demanded by military customers. CZG, which last year took a minority stake in Spuhr i Dalby, a Swedish maker of optical mounting solutions for weapons, would also look at further acquisitions, especially in areas like optics or optoelectronics.

“We want to grow by acquisitions but we will be disciplined,” Drahota said.



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