Chinese companies face tougher path to US IPOs
Global equity managers are questioning whether the regulatory threat posed by the country’s efforts to control big data is a risk worth taking
Chinese companies hoping to list in the US now face a harder task in pitching their shares to prospective investors.
As Beijing investigates Didi Global — China’s version of Uber — and two other firms that recently debuted on Wall Street, global equity managers are questioning if the regulatory threat posed by the Asian nation’s increasing efforts to control big data is a risk worth taking.
“The Didi situation reinforces the fact that China is annoyed by the flood of US IPOs [initial public offerings] by Chinese tech companies, and is attempting to slow the reception of these IPOs in the West,” said Hans Albrecht, portfolio manager at Horizons ETFs Management Canada Inc. “While Chinese names look like better value, they will suffer from this overhang for some time.”
Beijing’s latest crackdown on the technology industry threatens to chill investor sentiment at a time when there are as many as 34 pending filings for US listings by firms based in China or Hong Kong announced in 2021, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Such deals have been running at a record pace, with more than $15bn priced in New York IPOs so far in 2021.
Didi’s shares slid more than 5% on Friday as China said it is starting a cybersecurity review of the ride-hailing company. Two days after that, the regulator said the firm had committed serious violations in the collection and usage of personal information. It then ordered the company’s app to be removed from stores.
Investors will be keenly watching the stock as trading resumes in the US after Monday’s holiday. China is also probing Kanzhun, the owner of an online recruitment platform, and Full Truck Alliance, an Uber-like trucking start-up. Both companies listed in the US recently.
“The Chinese government could have stopped the IPOs from happening, like how they did with Ant,” said Sharif Farha, a Dubai-based portfolio manager at Safehouse Global Consumer Fund. “Instead, they allowed global investors to take pain, and consequently have broken trust with a lot of foreign investors. While we did not participate in any of these listings, we would imagine that several funds would consider exiting.”
One company poised to test sentiment soon is Hong Kong’s on-demand logistics and delivery firm Lalamove. It filed confidentially for a US IPO in June, according to people with knowledge of the matter, and is seeking to raise at least $1bn.
The latest crackdown is “very bad news for these Chinese companies’ image abroad”, said Ipek Ozkardeskaya, a senior analyst at Swissquote Group Holdings. “It’s a terrible hit to foreign investor appetite.”
Bloomberg News. More stories like this are available on bloomberg.com
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