Wirecard's offices in Aschheim near Munich, Germany. Picture: REUTERS/MICHAEL DALDER
Wirecard's offices in Aschheim near Munich, Germany. Picture: REUTERS/MICHAEL DALDER

Berlin — A German parliamentary committee will try to question Wirecard’s auditors over their alleged failure to spot fraud at the payments company, as legislators continue their probe into who’s to blame for the nation’s biggest accounting scandal.

Legislators in Berlin have called the auditors, three of whom are still with accounting firm Ernst & Young (EY), which is under fire after it signed off on Wirecard’s books without spotting that €1.9bn listed among its assets didn’t exist.

EY auditors Christian Orth, Stefan Heissner and Martin Dahmen have been ordered to answer questions about what went wrong. The fourth, Andreas Loetscher, left EY in 2018 to become Deutsche Bank’s head of accounting.

“There are considerable doubts that the auditing was undertaken with due diligence,” legislator Fabio de Masi, a member of the opposition Linke party in the parliamentary committee, told Bloomberg ahead of the hearing, scheduled for Thursday afternoon.

EY has drawn fierce criticism for not detecting the accounting violations at Wirecard and stands accused of failing in its most fundamental duty as auditor. The firm has called the €1.9bn missing from Wirecard’s balance sheet an “elaborate” fraud that even a very rigorous probe might not have discovered.

Wirecard filed for insolvency in June after years of allegations against the company. Its demise has become a corporate and political embarrassment for Germany.

Investors have sued EY over the issue and the firm has separately been added as a defendant to a class-action style lawsuit against Wirecard. In a sign of the scandal’s growing effect, Commerzbank and DWS Group have dropped EY as their auditor. State-run KfW, Germany’s third-largest bank by assets, may also drop EY, people familiar with the decision have said.

EY said an auditor can’t answer questions about its work for a company because of client confidentiality rules. While those rules also bind individual auditors, EY said they have to decide on their own whether to answer the questions.

Bjoern Gercke, Orth’s lawyer, said his client is willing to answer questions but he’s bound by legal rules that make him keep auditing matters confidential. The issue of how and by whom that obligation can be lifted is tricky and needs clarification by the courts before Orth will be able to answer questions, he said.

Tido Park, Dahmen’s lawyer, said he didn’t want to comment before the hearing. Deutsche Bank, Loetscher’s current employer, declined to comment. A lawyer for Heissner didn’t immediately reply to requests for comment.

The auditors must appear before the committee and must, in principle, answer questions unless they can invoke a privilege not to. Wirecard’s bankruptcy administrator and two current board members have said they waive the confidentiality obligations, but not all the board members at the time of the audits have done so.

Legislators have said they are ready to seek fines in case the individual auditors refuse to co-operate. Such a dispute would likely go to Germany’s top civil court, which will have to decide whether the committee can force the auditors to reply.

At last week’s parliamentary session, former Wirecard CEO Markus Braun appeared, only to read out a brief statement and then perpetually repeat the same declaration to any question — that he invoked his right as a suspect in a criminal probe to remain silent.

KPMG auditor Alexander Geschonneck is also scheduled to appear on Thursday. Wirecard hired KPMG in 2019 to conduct an independent audit of the company in an effort to tackle the growing allegations. KPMG’s revelation in April that it was unable to verify €1bn in transactions hastened Wirecard’s downward spiral.

The Wirecard scandal adds to a long list of woes for EY and the other members of the so-called “big four” of accounting: KPMG, Deloitte and PricewaterhouseCoopers. All have faced fierce criticism for the perceived conflicts of interests between their consulting arms sometimes advising the same companies they audit, prompting UK regulators to order they split them up by 2024.


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