Picture: 123RF/sashkin7
Picture: 123RF/sashkin7

New York — Dozens of senior Chinese government officials and business leaders gathered at the 2020 World Semiconductor Conference last week, but their usual agenda of trumpeting the nation’s chip innovation was coloured by fears their industry might be next to suffer trade sanctions from the Trump administration.

The White House’s campaign to contain China’s tech ascendancy has already shaken up the world’s technology supply chain and further restrictions would seriously set back China’s still-developing chip industry, executives including Legend Capital’s Arthur Ge and Wang Xuguang, CEO of Ainstec, said at the conference last week. That’s despite the resiliency in China’s chip demand, which has been supported by a recovery in manufacturing after disruptions during the coronavirus pandemic.

“If the US further hit key areas of Chinese tech industry, for example the advanced chip manufacturing, the impact would be devastating,” said Ge, MD of Legend Capital, an investment arm of the parent of Lenovo Group.

The White House this month slapped new restrictions on exports to Huawei Technologies amid an escalating standoff between the two largest economies that has already ensnared other Chinese tech giants such as Tencent Holdings and ByteDance. The latest rules required any chip companies using US technologies to seek licences before working for Huawei, effectively closing off the loopholes that the Chinese corporation had explored after earlier curbs that threatened the survival of its chipmaking unit HiSilicon.

The US is considering new restrictions on exports of semiconductor manufacturing equipment and associated software tools, lasers, sensors and other technology, Reuters reported last week. Already, Synopsys — the Mountain View, California-based provider of electronic design automation (EDA) tools — has suspended co-operation with Huawei after the US curbs, China Chairman Ge Qun said at the conference.

“The entire chip industry is too fragile to defend itself. We are at least 20 years behind comparing to Silicon Valley from scale and quality of talent to size of the ecosystem,” said Wang of Ainstec, a Suzhou-based company that develops 3D visual chips. “If we can prosper [with the US], that’s the best, but if the situation doesn’t allow this to happen, we need to think what we have on our hands.”

For its part, the Chinese government has stepped up efforts to defend domestic tech companies and increase the industry’s self-sufficiency. This month, it rolled out a series of measures that include tax breaks, tariff exemptions and investment incentives to bolster chipmakers and software producers.

Local corporations are also boosting investments in research & development, with state-backed Tsinghua Unigroup building a $22bn memory chip plant in the city of Wuhan. Semiconductor Manufacturing International recently completed a secondary listing in Shanghai, raising more than $7.6bn that would be used to develop next-generation chipmaking technologies to compete with rivals such as Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing.

Tsinghua Unigroup and SMIC, with HiSilicon and Cambricon Technologies, are among a handful of home-grown firms that are engaged in advanced chip manufacturing.

“Though no-one wants to say this, the world is approaching a new cold war era. I’m afraid this trend will get stronger in the future,” said Li Xing, co-founder of Beijing-based private equity company V Fund and a former Goldman Sachs Group executive. “However, the challenge could become an opportunity for the industry” as China seeks local replacements.



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