Frankfurt am Main — An important chapter in Volkswagen’s (VW) years-long “dieselgate” emissions cheating saga appeared to be headed for a close on Friday, as the German car giant agreed a compensation deal with domestic consumer groups.

VW and German consumer federation VZBV reached a “comprehensive agreement” in a first-of-its-kind collective lawsuit brought by about 400,000 diesel car drivers, the Brunswick higher state court said.

The mass lawsuit is one of the biggest legal hangovers from VW’s 2015 admission to fitting 11-million vehicles worldwide with software to make the engines appear less polluting in regulatory tests than in real driving conditions.

The VZBV said it would reveal details of the agreement at a 12pm GMT press conference.

Under German law, plaintiffs have a month to decide whether to accept the settlement offer after its approval by judges. If fewer than 30% of them reject the deal, it will go ahead.

Friday’s announcement follows just two weeks after the two sides fell out in public after agreeing in principle on €830m in payouts for German diesel car drivers. VW said at the time that the talks failed because of “disproportionate” fee demands from the VZBV’s lawyers.

But the consumer group said the money was needed to set up “a transparent, trustworthy and secure system” to actually pay out the cash.

Aside from the 400,000 diesel owners in the VZBV’s grouped proceeding, about 70,000 individuals have open claims against VW. In May, one individual’s case will be heard at Germany’s top administrative court, a ruling that could influence the outcome of the settlement talks.

€30bn scandal

So far, the fallout from diesel cheating has cost VW more than €30bn worldwide in legal costs, fines and compensation, most of it in the US.

While American diesel buyers enjoyed generous buyback and compensation schemes, German drivers have so far gone uncompensated for the impact of the scandal, which has since spread to other carmakers.

In an online announcement after talks broke down earlier this month, VW said it is ready to pay out between €1,350 and €6,257 per vehicle, depending on model and age. Its conditions are that cars have to have been purchased before January 1 2016, with the buyer being a German resident and still in possession of the car.

Beyond compensation, VW appears to have got off comparatively lightly in fines levied in Germany. The group and subsidiaries Audi and Porsche paid a total of €2.3bn in fines in the group’s home country.

Electric drive

Beyond the actual owners of VW cars manipulated in dieselgate, investors are also pursuing VW for billions, hoping to recoup the financial harm they suffered when the group’s shares plunged after the scandal broke.

While the group has long since returned to profitability, it is making huge investments in electric mobility and automated driving in an attempt to catch up to a head start enjoyed by foreign competitors such as Tesla.

In the coming years, VW, its subsidiaries and other German carmakers plan a slew of electric models, looking to polish their green credentials and avoid falling foul of harsh EU fines for excessive greenhouse emissions.


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