An aerial photo shows a worker climbing up to a Turkish Airlines Boeing 737 MAX airplane grounded at Boeing Field in Seattle, Washington, US, in this March 21 2019 file photo. Picture: REUTERS/Lindsey Wasson/File Photo
An aerial photo shows a worker climbing up to a Turkish Airlines Boeing 737 MAX airplane grounded at Boeing Field in Seattle, Washington, US, in this March 21 2019 file photo. Picture: REUTERS/Lindsey Wasson/File Photo

New York — Boeing fell in early trading on reports that the company is weighing a move to raise more debt following the grounding of its 737 Max and that the jetliner’s return to service could face further complications.

While Boeing had about $20bn in available funds at the end of the third quarter, costs stemming from the Max crisis are increasing, The Wall Street Journal reported on Monday. That has prompted the company to consider raising additional debt, the paper said, citing unidentified people familiar with the matter.

Boeing is halting output of the Max, a model that has yet to gain approval to resume flights after two fatal crashes prompted a global flight ban in March. While the production hiatus has reduced some costs, it also means a longer wait for payments for finished planes. The Chicago-based company also faces compensation claims from airlines disrupted by the grounding, as well as from families of the crash victims.

The shares dropped 1.2% to $328.75 before the start of regular trading in New York. Through Friday, Boeing had slumped 21% since the second of the crashes, which killed a total of 346 people.

Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg was ousted in December and will be replaced next week by David Calhoun, a board member who took over as chair in October.

Analysts expect Boeing to raise as much as $5bn in extra debt to help cover spending that may exceed $15bn in the first half, the Journal said. Funds would help maintain Max production facilities and finished planes, as well as close the $4bn purchase of an 80% stake in the airliner business of Embraer.

Simulator training

Meanwhile, US regulators are considering requiring pilots to complete simulator training before they can operate the Max again, The Wall Street Journal reported on Sunday. The story cited government and industry officials familiar with the matter.

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) originally rejected the idea since it would cause extra costs and delays for airlines, the Journal said. But in recent weeks officials said there has been increased interest among agency and industry safety experts in requiring such training.

The FAA’s formal decision isn’t expected until at least February, and the situation remains “fluid”, according to the paper. An agency spokesperson declined to comment on specifics, saying more analysis and testing is required. A spokesperson for the company told the Journal that Boeing is “evaluating all aspects of a safe return to service including pilot training, procedures and checklists”.

The New York Times reported on Sunday that Boeing was experiencing new problems with the plane that go beyond the initial software malfunctions that played a role in those crashes.

One of those issues is whether two bundles of wires are too close to each other, raising the risk of a short-circuit that could affect control of the plane’s tail.

Bloomberg