Pan African Resources, a gold miner in Mpumalanga, has doubled spending on security to R106m to prevent illegal mining primarily at its Barberton property.

Barberton, which has been mined since 1886, is a Swiss cheese of shafts and underground workings in the hills bordering Swaziland. A decade ago there was a huge rise in illegal mining around the town where Pan African is essentially the only mining game in town.

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