China cuts cash reserves banks must hold
Central bank move designed to boost slowing economy
Beijing/Singapore — China’s central bank says it will cut reserve requirement ratios to release about 280-billion yuan ($41bn) for some small and medium-sized banks, in a targeted move to help companies struggling amid an economic slowdown.
The cut in the amount of cash that banks must hold as reserves would be the smallest since January 2018, when the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) started its latest round of policy easing to support the world’s second-largest economy.
The cut, while widely expected at some point, was announced right before China’s stock market opened, and just hours after US President Donald Trump sharply escalated trade tensions between the world’s two largest economies.
The PBOC said the reduction will be implemented in three phases, giving the dates of May 15, June 17 and July 15. The funds will be used for loans to small and private companies.
“This is aimed at helping small- and medium-sized banks to better serve small and private enterprises, which will in turn support the overall economy,” the PBOC said.
The central bank said it will cut the reserve requirement ratios for about 1,000 rural commercial banks operating in counties to 8%, equal to the ratios for smaller rural credit cooperatives.
The move will help lower funding costs for small and micro firms, the PBOC said. Small and medium-sized banks currently have ratios ranging from 10% to 11.5% .
The PBOC has already delivered five reserve requirement ratios cuts since early 2018, lowering the ratio to 13.5% for big banks and 11.5% for small-to medium-sized lenders.
The central bank pumped out 3.35-trillion yuan in net liquidity through the five reserve cuts, according to calculations based on PBOC data and analyst estimates.
Analysts believe PBOC has less room to ease policy after it cut reserve requirement ratios and interest rates aggressively during the global financial crisis, and delivered more cuts in 2012 and 2015 — a year marked by a stock market crash and a slide in the yuan.
The government, which is relying more on increased infrastructure spending and tax cuts to support economic growth in 2019, has repeatedly said it will not resort to “flood-like” stimulus.
Previous policy announcements usually fell on nontrading times after the market closed, analysts from Citic Securities noted, making the timing of this announcement intriguing.
Just hours earlier, Trump issued a series tweets in which he complained that trade talks with China were proceeding “too slowly”, and that he would raise tariffs on $200bn of goods to 25% on Friday from 10%.
His comments upended markets that had been enjoying a period of calm thanks to signs of robust growth in China and the US, and from previous comments from Trump and other senior US officials that trade talks were going well.
Some analysts believed the PBOC was seeking to reassure investors unnerved by Trump’s latest comments.
“I think it is a move to calm the market, to offset the impact from the trade talks, telling you that ‘I can give some stimulus during the most difficult times, but I will not give too much’,” said Zhou Hao, analyst at Commerzbank in Singapore, adding that the PBOC’s targeted cut showed Beijing’s resolve to keep its debt level in check.
Despite the policy boost, China’s major stock indexes still extended heavy losses. The blue-chip CSI300 index and the Shanghai Composite Index both tumbled more than 5%, posting their steepest single-day drop since February 2016. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index slumped more than 3%.
China’s currency, the yuan, dropped to as low as 6.7994 per dollar, its weakest level in three-and-a-half months, while the offshore yuan fell as much as 1.3% .
Beijing has been sounding less dovish over the past two weeks.
“We believe a worsening of the trade conflict between the US and China will evoke another dovish turn by Beijing, especially on its monetary easing stance,” Ting Lu, chief China economist at Nomura in Hong Kong, wrote in a note.
Economists had expected further targeted cuts on the reserve requirement ratios in 2019 as Beijing seeks to underpin growth. The state council, or cabinet, said on April 17 that a policy framework would be set up to implement relatively low ratios for small- and medium-sized banks.
The PBOC is likely to cut ratios for small banks to encourage more lending to small and private firms — which are vital for economic growth and job creation — policy insiders said previously, who pencilled in at least one such “targeted” ratios cut in 2019 .
China’s vice-premier Liu He, who was scheduled to meet US officials in Washington for further trade talks this week, is “very unlikely” to go after Trump’s tariff “threat”, editor-in-chief of China’s Global Times newspaper said.
China’s foreign ministry said a Chinese delegation is preparing to go to the US for trade talks, although it did not say if Liu would be part of the delegation.